You’re in the middle of watching a really funny cat video when your phone informs you that its battery is at 3% and you’d better plug in soon if you want to see how it all ends. You reach into your backpack for your life-line — the charger! — only to remember all too clearly that you left it in the outlet in your bedroom.
Once this would have been a problem, but no more. MyLab now offers you the opportunity to recharge yourself and your device at the same time! Just plug in, relax for a bit, and you’ll soon be happily viewing again. The plugs provide full-speed charging for both Apple and Android phones and tablets.
Werner K. Sensbach was born in Mannheim, Germany in 1923. He worked throughout his life in various fields of artistic endeavor. With professional degrees from the University of Karlsruhe, Germany, and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, he was an architect for firms in Germany, Switzerland, and New York. He served as city planner in Columbia, South Carolina, and Roanoke, Virginia, and as the University of Virginia Campus Architect during its intensive growth period from 1965 until 1991. Werner Sensbach was also Professor of Urban Planning in the School of Architecture. Upon his retirement in 1991, the University planted an American oak tree between the East Range and Brooks Hall in his honor. Retirement allowed him to discover the Virginia landscape through the eyes of an artist. In watercolor field sketches and al fresco oil paintings, he portrayed the landscape of the Piedmont and Blue Ridge Mountains as well as the architecture of the Grounds of the University of Virginia.
Werner Sensbach’s work flows naturally from his interest in the landscape and man-made environment of the Piedmont Region. The Grounds of the University of Virginia and the City of Charlottesville are the subject of many of his architectural paintings. In the mid-1940s, Werner Sensbach received his initial artistic instruction from painters of the Neue Sachlichkeit (New Realism) movement of the Twenties: Erich Heckel (1883 – 1970) and Karl Hubbuch (1891 – 1979) of Karlsruhe, Germany. Their style of slashing line drawings proved useful in his later career in architecture, urban design, and campus planning. After retiring from his position as University of Virginia architect and planner in 1991, Werner studied at the University of Virginia Department of Art with Richard Crozier, Phil Geiger, Dean Dass, William Bennett, Lincoln Perry & Elizabeth Schoyer.
A record number of law students lined up inside and outside of MyLab for last evening’s semi-annual Grilled Cheese Night. One hundred forty-two students patiently awaited the warm gooey goodness of one of the Law Library’s special recipe treats. Despite long lines, spirits among the waiting students seemed high. One student was heard to say that the event was “perfect for the middle of exams.” Another exclaimed, “This is like a taste of home!”
The event was not without a few stressful moments, however. Librarian-chefs Ben Doherty, Micheal Klepper and Tim Breeden offered both tomato and non-tomato editions of the sandwich. One student requested a gluten-free edition – just two slices of tomato with cheese in between and no bread – which none of the chefs had prepared before. But, being the true service professionals that they are, they were able to fulfill the special order to the customer’s satisfaction. Later, staff began to worry that supplies might not hold out through the 7 p.m. closing. “It looked like we might run out of bread,” said Breeden. “But as luck would have it, the last piece hit the butter just before 7!”
This semester’s GCN featured a new twist – Law Library staff were invited to guess ahead of time the number of sandwiches that would be served. The staff member submitting the closest guess was to be awarded their own grilled cheese sandwich for this morning’s breakfast. The winner was none other than Library Service Dog Extraordinaire, Bubba Jeb. Jeb’s owner, Teresa, was prepared to submit a guess of 121 sandwiches, but she said Jeb nudged her and nodded upward to say, “no it’s 136.” Though Jeb’s diet is strictly gluten-free, he was delighted to receive his prize in the form of some cheese and a few potato chips.
This semester saw the publication of the twelfth edition of Legal Research in a Nutshell, a compact but venerable text on legal research that dates back to 1968. Its original author was the late Morris Cohen, then Law Librarian at the University of Pennsylvania, but since the fifth edition in 1992 he has been joined as coauthor by our own Kent Olson. Kent has written about the book’s early days (Birth of a Nutshell: Morris Cohen in the 1960s,104 Law Libr. J. 53 (2012)), but we sat down to ask him about his own role in the book since then.
AJM: How did you get started as a coauthor of Legal Research in a Nutshell?
Olson: It started when I was a law student, lucky enough to be in the right place at the right time. In 1984, I was a second-year student at Boalt Hall (UC Berkeley) and working for the Law Library part time. My boss, Bob Berring, had worked at Harvard with Morris Cohen, the author of Legal Research in a Nutshell. Morris put out a call looking for people to revise and update chapters of the Nutshell, and Bob turned two chapters over to me. Morris may have been looking for light edits, but I attacked my chapters with gusto, crossing out huge chunks of obsolete text and inserting several new pages. A lesser man might have been offended or appalled, but Morris liked what he saw and asked me to review the entire manuscript before it went to the publisher. We talked on the phone, but we never met in person until the project was over.
The following year I came to Virginia and became a coauthor with Morris and Bob of their legal research hornbook, How to Find the Law. Morris had no interest in taking on a coauthor on his Nutshell, but in 1991 he found himself a week away from a deadline with no revised manuscript. And I was visiting him in the hospital.
AJM:Morris Cohen was a legend among law librarians. What was it like working with him?
Olson: He was my mentor and nearly thirty years my senior, but he always made me feel like a peer rather than a junior associate. Working with him was one of the great privileges of my life. He knew so much more than I did about legal bibliography (and was probably sorry that I never quite shared his love of rare books), but as legal research turned more and more to online search techniques our roles gradually shifted.
I do remember one disagreement, a friendly one, over how to describe the state of administrative law before the Federal Register and the CFR. Morris wanted to call it a wilderness, and I didn’t understand why until I realized we had very different concepts of “wilderness.” Mine was a pristine roadless area protected by environmental legislation, but he was thinking of a biblical place where people wandered lost and in despair. I think we ended up abandoning the metaphor.
AJM: You’ve now worked on nine editions of the Nutshell. How has the book, and legal research, changed over the years?
Olson: When the fourth edition was published in 1985, we had Westlaw and Lexis but a large focus of research was still print-based – some of it in materials today’s students are fortunate never to have seen, such as digests and Shepard’s Citations. “Case-Finding by Computer” was a two-page section of the chapter on case research. Research isn’t necessarily simpler these days, but there are so many answers that used to take work that we can now Google our way to.
People talk about a “sea change” in legal research from print to online, but to my mind it’s more of an evolution. In the end, it’s still about finding persuasive authority and reasoning by analogy. If we reach the point where cases are decided by the number of “likes” or by some machine-based measure, I’ll need to move on.
The book itself has evolved with the changes in research. Free Internet sites were first mentioned in the 6th edition (1996), and HeinOnline first appeared in the 8th edition (2003). There are now more than three hundred websites discussed. We’ve had a companion website with updated links since 2003, and in 2013 we took the illustrations out and put them online as well. Small black-and-white illustrations were fine back when we were showing sample pages of books, but screenshots of websites work so much better in color and on a larger scale.
AJM: You’ve written other books on legal research, notably the concise hornbook Principles of Legal Research (2d ed. 2015). You also teach Advanced Legal Research. How do teaching and writing about legal research inform each other?
Olson: At the basic level, my students who’ve used draft versions as course texts have saved textbook money and they’ve helped to catch some embarrassing typos before they made it to print. But they also help keep me honest by letting me know what’s superfluous and what’s unclear. If we don’t cover something in class, it might not be important enough to include in the book. And without my students I wouldn’t have known that you need to explain to some digital natives the difference between a table of contents and an index.
AJM: Any regrets about the new edition?
Olson: Of course. There are always regrets. One minor one is that I completely missed that govtrack.us stopped tracking state legislation several months before we went to press. At least I could update that on the Nutshell website. A more significant omission is that I made no mention at all of Practical Law, to which our students have access through Westlaw and which is a really useful and current source of basic legal information in several disciplines. At some point I also should really think about how research by mobile app differs from website-based research.
But this just means I need to start planning for the thirteenth edition. In the past couple of months Lexis Advance added a directory of resources to its main screen and made its Advanced Search much more useful, and Westlaw introduced its “Westlaw Answers” feature when you type a question into the search box. All the references to FDsys in the current edition will be obsolete once GPO completes its transition to govinfo.gov. It won’t be long before January 2016 seems like a very long time ago in legal research.
With the new year, you may have noticed a new face in the library. Alex Jakubow joins our research and reference team to support empirical legal research. Alex is skilled with data collection, cleaning and analysis. As law increasingly turns towards large datasets and statistical methods, his expertise will be critical to supporting UVA Law scholarship.
A Wisconsin native, Alex earned a bachelor’s degree in history and political science from the University of Richmond in 2008. He then attended graduate school at Rutgers University, where he earned a Ph.D. in political science in 2014.
Alex married his graduate school sweetheart, Devon Golem, in September of 2012. Career decisions have taken the pair across the entirety of the continental United States and back in a relatively short amount of time. In less than four years, Alex and Devon have lived in New Jersey, California, and New Mexico before moving to Virginia in December of 2015. Alex and Devon look forward to staying in place for a while, especially when family is near: Alex’s mother and sister respectively live in Williamsburg and Alexandria.
Devon and Alex live in Charlottesville with their canine companion, Lunch Lady Doris. Doris, a brownish-red Papillion/Dachshund mix, is approximately eight years old. She enjoys having Alex and Devon as tenants in her apartment and sneezes uncontrollably when excited.
Outside of work, Alex enjoys reading, traveling, exercising, and socializing with loved ones. He also looks forward to taking full advantage of the area’s many and varied opportunities for outdoor fun. Guilty pleasures: prolonged consumption of Netflix and, when his family is out of town, video games.
In July the Law Library Staff welcomed a new member to its team, Bubba Jeb, a Hearing Service Dog. He accompanies his deaf human, Teresa, to work each day. Bubba Jeb sat down with MoreUs for an interview and a few treats. Yesterday we ran Part 1 of that interview. Following is Part 2.
A Day in the Life of a Service Dog
MoreUs: As a Hearing Dog, what is a typical day for you? How do you help your human?
Jeb: I am her only hearing. She is fully deafened. I walk with her outside and alert her to any sounds, such as cars approaching from behind us, or people walking behind us, that sort of stuff. In this way, I keep her safe from being hit by a car or stepping into traffic. I nudge her when we’re in the car if I hear a siren. This alerts her to look for an emergency vehicle.
At home I let her know if someone is knocking on the door, if I hear thunder, or some other sound in the house. If something falls and makes a noise, for example, I run and get her and take her to the thing that made the noise.
I also go to the grocery store, shopping (I LOVE to go shopping), post office, and even to human doctors’ offices.
And, now I come to work each day at the Law Library, only I don’t think it’s work.
MoreUs: You don’t think it’s work? Why?
Jeb: Well, this is the most welcoming environment I’ve ever been in. The humans here are so nice and open hearted. It’s really like being around a bunch of Labs. I love coming to work each day. So many of the Law Library staff members make time for me and make sure that I have a treat or two so that I can keep my strength up to work. I love meeting the students. U.Va. law students are the best. I know that they are smart because so many of them like me. The students who work at the reference desk are fantastic. They are some of my new BFFs.
MoreUs: Do you have any favorites on the staff?
Jeb: Well, as a Lab mix it’s in my genes to love everyone, but I can sniff out a dog person. So, if you see me hanging around an office you know that I’ve found a kindred spirit. Each person here makes me the happiest dog on the planet.
MoreUs: Since you’re a Service Dog, are there some things that humans should or should not do when they see you?
Jeb: It’s okay to pet me and talk to me, but I still have to keep my ears open for my human. When I’m wearing my Hearing Dog vest I know that I am on duty. Fortunately for me, there aren’t any cars in the Law Library so I can take time for making friends. And, being a dog, all the extra attention doesn’t go to my head. It goes to my tail which I just wag more.
MoreUs: Do you get any time off from being on duty?
Jeb: I’m on duty 24/7 just like my human is deaf 24/7, but she allows for a lot of time for me to simply be a dog. She takes me on an off leash trail run each morning on our way to work and we end each night with a long run. I get a walk and play time break at work each day. During the summer I swim in ponds and lakes. When I went to the beach I couldn’t get enough of swimming in the ocean. So we mix play in with our work. She’s very dog like that way. I’ve trained her well.
MoreUs: What have you found most interesting about the Law School?
Jeb: I am fascinated to learn that U.Va. Law has an Animal Law Program! I’d love to learn more about it. All animals need and deserve the support and protection that humans can provide for us. I hope that they study the ADA Service Animal requirements. That’s a very interesting area of animal law. It’s one that needs the input of intelligent attorneys so that both the needs of a service animal and a disabled person are met. It addresses humans and animals equally.
MoreUs: Since you are a Service Dog you probably are the right one to answer the age old question, “Dogs or cats: which are better?”
Jeb: Well, I think the best way to answer that question is with another one: Have you ever seen a Service Cat?
In July the Law Library Staff welcomed a new member to its team, Bubba Jeb, a Hearing Service Dog. He accompanies his deaf human, Teresa, to work each day. Bubba Jeb sat down with MoreUs for an interview and a few treats. Here is the first half of that interview.
Part 1: The Journey from Shelter Dog to Service Dog
MoreUs: How did you choose the profession of Service Dog?
Jeb: Well, I didn’t choose being a Service Dog as much as I was chosen to be one by the deaf woman who adopted me in July 2011. I had been in the Rockbridge SPCA in Lexington, Virginia for six months. No one wanted to adopt me, but then Teresa saw me on the shelter’s website and came to meet me. She took me out for a walk on a leash. (Well, it was more of a tug. I was really into pulling on the leash then.) She came back two days later to adopt me. She named me Bubba JEB, with JEB standing for Just Everyone’s Bubba because I’m so friendly. I truly love everyone I see and meet.
MoreUs: Did you know at the time that you were going to be a Service Dog?
Jeb: No, I had no idea what was in store for me. I just stuck my nose out the window and enjoyed the ride to Charlottesville.
MoreUs: Tell me about your academic credentials.
Jeb: Teresa and I started basic obedience classes together four days after I was adopted. I had never been trained to do anything so this was a new adventure in life for me. So along with a new name, I had to go to school and learn lots of stuff: how to walk on a leash, how to sit, stay, come, and do many other things. School wasn’t difficult—I was given a treat each time I did something correctly. Being a Lab mix, I am very food motivated so I was the fastest learner in the class.
MoreUs:What else did you have to learn?
Jeb: Well, I had never been exposed to stairs so I had to learn how to walk up and down steps. That’s not natural to dogs.
MoreUs: What was your favorite part of the class?
Jeb: That’s hard to say. I loved the treats. Getting to eat a lot of treats was great, but I also loved meeting the other dogs and humans. Since Teresa is deaf, the teacher had an extra person on hand to write everything down for her so that she could follow along in class. The assistant loved me and kept saying that I was a great dog and very smart. What wasn’t there for me to love about school? Treats and praise—that’s heaven for a Lab.
MoreUs: Do you have to take continuing education classes?
Jeb: Yes. I work on my basic training each day and Teresa is applying for a grant to receive additional training for me so that I can learn to alert her to the telephone when it rings. She has a phone that provides captions for her to read, but she misses phone calls because she can’t hear the phone ring. So, I need to learn to alert her when I hear that obnoxious sound.
To be continued in “Interview with a Service Dog, Part 2: A Day in the Life”
This year’s art show, “Discarded,” features the work of 14 local women artists who have recycled outdated, unserviceable books into intriguing works of art. The exhibit, curated by L. Michelle Geiger, is featured this week in articles in Cville Magazine and on the U.Va. School of Law website.
Thursday’s reception will be held on the second floor of the Law Library from 5 p.m. to 7 p.m. and is open to the public. While viewing the art exhibit, guests will be treated to music from The Magnolia Quartet, food by Harvest Moon Caterers, and performance artist Anne Megibow.
The first day of your law school career has begun! From your first Legal Research and Writing assignment to your final seminar paper, the Law Library is here to support you. To help you get acquainted with the many library services and spaces available for law students, we’ve just revamped our “Legal Research for Law Students” guide. The new guide includes several pages especially useful for 1Ls – the “1Ls’ Essential Library Guide,”“Help with LR&W,” and “Study Aids & Exam Prep.”
Particularly helpful information for 1Ls includes:
FAQs especially for 1Ls
links to our online interactive map
how to use our Student Delivery Service (SDS) for delivery of books available at U.Va.’s other libraries
how and when to reserve a Group Study Room
how to access databases from off-Grounds
how to get research help
where in the library to study, relax, check out DVDs, and find free coffee
The Law Library staff looks forward to getting to know you over the next three years. Please let us know how we can help you!